Packet Clearing House Report on
Root Nameserver Locations

Doha, QA
K-root, RIPE-NCC
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet San Jose, CR
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Marina Del Rey, US
B-root, Information Sciences Institute Herndon, US
C-root, Cogent Communications Los Angeles, US
C-root, Cogent Communications
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center New York, US
C-root, Cogent Communications
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Chicago, US
C-root, Cogent Communications
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center College Park, US
D-root, University of Maryland Mountain View, US
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Ottawa, CA
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Palo Alto, US
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center San Jose, US
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Tallinn, EE
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Madrid, ES
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
C-root, Cogent Communications Hong Kong, CN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Rome, IT
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Auckland, NZ
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Sao Paulo, BR
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Beijing, CN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Seoul, KR
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
M-root, WIDE Project Moscow, RU
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Taipei, TW
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Dubai, AE
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Paris, FR
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
M-root, WIDE Project
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
C-root, Cogent Communications Singapore, SG
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Brisbane, AU
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
K-root, RIPE-NCC
L-root, ICANN Toronto, CA
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Monterrey, MX
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Lisbon, PT
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Johannesburg, ZA
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Tel Aviv, IL
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Jakarta, ID
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Kiev, UA
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Osaka, JP
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Prague, CZ
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Amsterdam, NL
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
K-root, RIPE-NCC
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Barcelona, ES
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Nairobi, KE
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Chennai, IN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. London, GB
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
K-root, RIPE-NCC
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Dhaka, BD
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Santiago de Chile, CL
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Karachi, PK
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Torino, IT
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Oslo, NO
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Quito, EC
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Buenos Aires, AR
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Caracas, VE
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Panama, PA
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Columbus, US
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center Aberdeen, US
H-root, U.S. Army Research Lab Stockholm, SE
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Helsinki, FI
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
K-root, RIPE-NCC
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Milan, IT
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
K-root, RIPE-NCC
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Geneva, CH
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
K-root, RIPE-NCC
L-root, ICANN Bangkok, TH
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Brussels, BE
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Frankfurt, DE
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
K-root, RIPE-NCC
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
C-root, Cogent Communications
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Mumbai, IN
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Manila, PH
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Thimphu, BT
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Miami, US
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
K-root, RIPE-NCC
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Perth, AU
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Philipsburg, AN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Wellington, NZ
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Kuala Lumpur, MY
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Washington DC, US
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Tokyo, JP
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
K-root, RIPE-NCC
M-root, WIDE Project
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
L-root, ICANN Bucharest, RO
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Ankara, TR
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN Dulles, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
D-root, University of Maryland Vienna, AT
L-root, ICANN
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Atlanta, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Seattle, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center San Francisco, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
M-root, WIDE Project Dallas, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Dublin, IE
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Kaunas, LT
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Montreal, CA
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Abidjan, CI
L-root, ICANN Sydney, AU
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Cairo, EG
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Warsaw, PL
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Brasilia, BR
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Sofia, BG
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Fribourg, CH
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Turin, IT
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Athens, GR
K-root, RIPE-NCC Reykjavik, IS
K-root, RIPE-NCC
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Poznan, PL
K-root, RIPE-NCC Budapest, HU
K-root, RIPE-NCC New Delhi, IN
K-root, RIPE-NCC Abu Dhabi, AE
K-root, RIPE-NCC Novosibirsk, RU
K-root, RIPE-NCC Manama, BH
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Lulea, SE
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Ashburn, US
A-root, Verisign, Inc.
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Colombo, LK
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet Honolulu, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center
L-root, ICANN Riga, LV
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Suva, FJ
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Podgorica, ME
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. San Juan, PR
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Edinburgh, GB
J-root, Verisign, Inc. San Antonio, US
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center Fussa, JP
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center Ulan Bator, MN
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Naples, IT
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center Stuttgart-Vaihingen, DE
G-root, U.S. DOD Network Information Center Anchorage, US
L-root, ICANN Vancouver, CA
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Guam, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Luxembourg City, LU
J-root, Verisign, Inc.
L-root, ICANN Cape Town, ZA
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Crete, GR
L-root, ICANN Porto Alegre, BR
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN Yerevan, AM
I-root, Autonomica/NORDUnet
L-root, ICANN Copenhagen, DK
L-root, ICANN Dammam, SA
L-root, ICANN El Segundo, US
L-root, ICANN Denver, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Istanbul, TR
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Jeddah, SA
L-root, ICANN Lyon, FR
L-root, ICANN
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Melbourne, AU
L-root, ICANN Marseille, FR
L-root, ICANN Philadelphia, US
L-root, ICANN Riyadh, SA
L-root, ICANN Culpeper, US
L-root, ICANN Pittsburgh, US
L-root, ICANN Winnipeg, CA
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Noumea, NC
L-root, ICANN Reston, US
L-root, ICANN Paris-Orly, FR
L-root, ICANN Calgary, CA
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center San Diego, US
H-root, U.S. Army Research Lab Phnom Penh, KH
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. St. Maarten, AN
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Beirut, LB
L-root, ICANN Kathmandu, NP
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Kharkov, UA
L-root, ICANN Malmö, SE
L-root, ICANN Maputo, MZ
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Bogota, CO
L-root, ICANN Dakar, SN
L-root, ICANN
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Mascot, AU
L-root, ICANN Ezeiza, AR
L-root, ICANN Al Muharraq, BH
L-root, ICANN Rio de Janeiro, BR
L-root, ICANN Londrina, BR
L-root, ICANN Curitiba, BR
L-root, ICANN Florianopolis, BR
L-root, ICANN Campinas, BR
L-root, ICANN Mississauga, CA
L-root, ICANN Concepcion, CL
L-root, ICANN St Denis, FR
L-root, ICANN Berlin, DE
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Munich, DE
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Dortmund, DE
L-root, ICANN Düsseldorf, DE
L-root, ICANN Heraklion, GR
L-root, ICANN Hagatna, US
L-root, ICANN Narita, JP
L-root, ICANN Haarlemmermeer, NL
L-root, ICANN Mangere, NZ
L-root, ICANN Ullensaker, NO
L-root, ICANN Callao, PE
L-root, ICANN Changi, SG
L-root, ICANN Incheon, KR
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Zurich, CH
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Saginaw Bay, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Burbank, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Santa Ana, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Jacksonville, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Melbourne, US
L-root, ICANN Boston, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Blantyre, MW
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Portland, US
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Montevideo, UY
L-root, ICANN St. Georges, GD
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center
L-root, ICANN Tampere, FI
L-root, ICANN
E-root, NASA Ames Research Center Bratislava, SK
C-root, Cogent Communications Dar es Salaam, TZ
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Lagos, NG
F-root, Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. Willemstad, AN
J-root, Verisign, Inc. New Castle, US
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Ljubljana, SI
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Zagreb, HR
J-root, Verisign, Inc. Baku, AZ
L-root, ICANN Belém, BR
L-root, ICANN Belgrade, RS
L-root, ICANN Belo Horizonte, BR
L-root, ICANN Bouake, CI
L-root, ICANN Christchurch, NZ
L-root, ICANN Scotland, GB
L-root, ICANN El Prat de Llobregat, ES
L-root, ICANN Fortaleza, BR
L-root, ICANN Hamburg, DE
L-root, ICANN Honiara, SB
L-root, ICANN Leeds, GB
L-root, ICANN Muscat, OM
L-root, ICANN Odessa, UA
L-root, ICANN Pape'ete, FR
L-root, ICANN Phoenix, US
L-root, ICANN Port Moresby, PG
L-root, ICANN Porto, PT
L-root, ICANN Punta Caucedo, DO
L-root, ICANN Salvador, BR
L-root, ICANN San Salvador, SV
L-root, ICANN Sanaa, YE
L-root, ICANN São José dos Campos, BR
L-root, ICANN SeaTac, US
L-root, ICANN Semey, KZ
L-root, ICANN Uberlândia, BR
L-root, ICANN Tunis, TN
L-root, ICANN

This map plots the density distribution of the root nameservers which are the top of the Internet's domain-name resolution hierarchy, by country. Countries must have root nameservers, country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) nameservers, and Internet exchange points (IXPs) within their borders in order to maintain autonomy and internal connectivity during periods when international cables are damaged.
Hold your cursor over a dot on the map to see the city name and which root-servers are present there. We use the United Nations list of countries, and countries which display as less than one pixel are listed below, but aren't indicated on the map.
Last updated August 24, 2016. This report is free for reuse and adaptation with attribution under the Creative Commons Sampling Plus License.

Countries with Root Nameservers: 97Countries without Root Nameservers: 106
United States(86), Brazil(19), Germany(15), Canada(13), France(13), Australia(12), China(10), Italy(10), Japan(9), New Zealand(9), United Kingdom(8), Netherlands(7), South Africa(7), Switzerland(6), Spain(6), Argentina(5), Finland(5), Korea(5), Norway(5), Poland(5), Sweden(5), Singapore(5), Ukraine(5), United Arab Emirates(4), Bangladesh(4), Belgium(4), Estonia(4), Egypt(4), Indonesia(4), India(4), Kenya(4), Philippines(4), Russia(4), Turkey(4), Netherlands Antilles(3), Austria(3), Bulgaria(3), Chile(3), Costa Rica(3), Czech Republic(3), Greece(3), Ireland(3), Malaysia(3), Portugal(3), Saudi Arabia(3), Taiwan(3), Armenia(2), Bahrain(2), Cote D'Ivoire(2), Ecuador(2), Grenada(2), Iceland(2), Luxembourg(2), Mongolia(2), Mexico(2), Mozambique(2), Nepal(2), Pakistan(2), Qatar(2), Romania(2), Senegal(2), , Azerbaijan(1), Bhutan(1), Colombia(1), Denmark(1), Dominican Republic(1), Fiji(1), Croatia(1), Hungary(1), Israel(1), Cambodia(1), Kazakhstan(1), Lebanon(1), Sri Lanka(1), Lithuania(1), Latvia(1), Montenegro(1), Malawi(1), New Caledonia(1), Nigeria(1), Oman(1), Panama(1), Peru(1), Papua New Guinea(1), Puerto Rico(1), Serbia(1), Solomon Islands(1), Slovenia(1), Slovakia(1), El Salvador(1), Thailand(1), Tunisia(1), Tanzania(1), Uruguay(1), Venezuela(1), Yemen(1)
United States86
Brazil19
Germany15
Canada13
France13
Australia12
China10
Italy10
Japan9
New Zealand9
United Kingdom8
Netherlands7
South Africa7
Switzerland6
Spain6
Argentina5
Finland5
Korea5
Norway5
Poland5
Sweden5
Singapore5
Ukraine5
United Arab Emirates4
Bangladesh4
Belgium4
Estonia4
Egypt4
Indonesia4
India4
Kenya4
Philippines4
Russia4
Turkey4
Netherlands Antilles3
Austria3
Bulgaria3
Chile3
Costa Rica3
Czech Republic3
Greece3
Ireland3
Malaysia3
Portugal3
Saudi Arabia3
Taiwan3
Armenia2
Bahrain2
Cote D'Ivoire2
Ecuador2
Grenada2
Iceland2
Luxembourg2
Mongolia2
Mexico2
Mozambique2
Nepal2
Pakistan2
Qatar2
Romania2
Senegal2
Azerbaijan1
Bhutan1
Colombia1
Denmark1
Dominican Republic1
Fiji1
Croatia1
Hungary1
Israel1
Cambodia1
Kazakhstan1
Lebanon1
Sri Lanka1
Lithuania1
Latvia1
Montenegro1
Malawi1
New Caledonia1
Nigeria1
Oman1
Panama1
Peru1
Papua New Guinea1
Puerto Rico1
Serbia1
Solomon Islands1
Slovenia1
Slovakia1
El Salvador1
Thailand1
Tunisia1
Tanzania1
Uruguay1
Venezuela1
Yemen1
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niger, North Korea, Palau, Paraguay, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sint Maarten, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, US Virgin Islands, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Belarus
Belize
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
British Virgin Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo-Brazzaville
Congo-Kinshasa
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Djibouti
Dominica
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Iran
Iraq
Jamaica
Jordan
Kiribati
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Macedonia
Madagascar
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Morocco
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nicaragua
Niger
North Korea
Palau
Paraguay
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Sint Maarten
Somalia
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syria
Tajikistan
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
US Virgin Islands
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Viet Nam
Zambia
Zimbabwe


If you need to cite this information in a formal way (i.e. for bibliographical purposes), we suggest you use:

Packet Clearing House, Internet exchange point directory reports.
Retrieved on August 24, 2016 from http://wwww.pch.net/ixpdir/summary

IXP Summary | IXP growth by country | IXP growth by region | Auto reporting | IXP with IPv6 subnets | Root server locations | IXP Subnets

Last updated: Wednesday, 24-Aug-16 01:26:48 UTC



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.